February 4, 2015 Lacquers Guitar Making, Nitrocellulose Lacquers Additionally, lacquer is an eye and skin irritant. 4.6 out of 5 stars 47. Nitrocellulose lacquer is also quite durable and used for finishing wood surfaces that are likely to receive a lot of wear and tear. Eye contact, on the other hand, can result in stinging, tearing, swelling and even blindness. %PDF-1.6 %���� Nitrocellulose lacquer is dangerous. Truth Publishing assumes no responsibility for the use or misuse of this material. HomeGuides.SFGate.com Privacy | Terms All content posted on this site is commentary or opinion and is protected under Free Speech. Apart from true lacquer, there are synthetic lacquers as well. Since its inception in the 1920’s, nitrocellulose lacquer has been the dominant finish for musical instruments like guitars, violins, and pianos. Short-term exposure will not cause skin problems, but prolonged exposure can cause skin to dry, crack, or become red and itchy, an indication of contact dermatitis. $28.65 $ 28. Truth Publishing International, LTD. is not responsible for content written by contributing authors. Severe pain in the throat trailer One of its first major uses was as guncotton, a replacement for gun powder as propellant in firearms. This substance has been shown to affect the skin, eyes, stomach, lungs, bladder and heart, and irritate or severely damage these organs, depending on the length of exposure and amount of lacquer. %%EOF Mixtures with … 0000011987 00000 n Nitrocellulose lacquer is also very toxic and can be flammable if not handled properly ; Nitrocellulose lacquer is also used as an aircraft dope, painted onto fabric-covered aircraft to tauten and provide protection to the material. Nitrate Cellulose Lacquer has a strong smell, but that can be overcome with a normal Cartridge Spray mask. Acrylic lacquer is a very long-lasting variety and will not yellow in time like the other two types. Like any other lacquer, it can be used to finish wood products and keep painted surfaces shining, though there is much more to it than that. 0000009655 00000 n 0000000976 00000 n Nitrocellulose Lacquer ₹ 125 / 20' Container Get Latest Price Specifications Available Sheens Gloss, Semi-gloss, Dull rubbed and Satin Available Colors White, Black and Brown Resin Type Nitrocellulose Recommended Use InteriorFeatures Highly effective Free from impurities Accurate formulation 28 0 obj <> endobj To prevent this, lacquer application should be done in a well-ventilated area while wearing the proper personal protective gear, namely a respirator mask, safety goggles and gloves. Canada's Original Nitrocellulose Lacquer Company All of our Products are offered in aerosol cans for convenience and 4oz through 8oz standard containers for people with spray equipment. The name of this opaque finish is derived from “lac”, the sticky, resinous substance excreted by the lac insect. They are still legal as a furniture … 0000001921 00000 n The name of this opaque finish is derived from “lac”, the sticky, resinous substance excreted by the lac insect. 0000008591 00000 n Additionally, they can lead to coughing, sore throat, breathing difficulties, vision problems and dizziness as well. 65. The information on this site is provided for educational and entertainment purposes only. Nitrocellulose lacquer is a flammable liquid used primarily as a binder in fireworks compositions, and as a water-resistant coating for fuses.Gun cotton is one form of nitrocellulose (cellulose trinitrate) and is highly sensitive to impact. Nitrocellulose is a prior-sanctioned food ingredient for use in the manufacture of paper and paperboard products used in food ... Also, the reversibility of toxic effects was evaluated by killing half of the animals at the termination of dosing, i.e.13 wks, and the … Lacquer poisoning can cause symptoms in many parts of the body. Nitrocellulose lacquer is inexpensive, dried quickly, but yellows with age; acrylic lacquer is much pricier but doesn’t yellow, making it more suitable for light-colored woods; catalyzed lacquer are easy to apply but provide better resistance to abrasion, chemicals, and water. With the CAS registry number 9004-70-0, it is also named as Pyroxylin. Hope this helps Keith. endstream endobj 29 0 obj <. Once the solvent is gone, you can literally use a nitrocellulose film to wrap food. Blood in urine; No urine production (kidney failure) EYES, EARS, NOSE, AND THROAT. 0000017442 00000 n 5.0 out of 5 stars 3. Toxic off-gassing when first applied (safe when dry) 5 Types of Lacquer. 0000005576 00000 n fInhaling Nitrocellulosecan irritate the nose and throat. 0000008178 00000 n NITROCELLULOSE, SOLUTION, FLAMMABLE burns if exposed to heat or flame. xref Lacquer is a solvent-based protective coating created by mixing nitrocellulose or resin in volatile solvents. Those who work in facilities that manufacture lacquer should take extra care when handling this substance. The alteration to the habitats was critical as nitrocellulose has low toxicities by itself. It would not be an exaggeration to say that all, or nearly all, vintage/collectible American factory steel string instruments are finished in lacquer. 0 Exhaust ventilation and air conditioning should be installed in the work area, specific soaps for washing hands at the end of the work shift should be provided, and, if necessary, odor-neutralizing chemicals should be made readily available. AIRWAYS AND LUNGS. 0000002361 00000 n 0000011134 00000 n Similar to how lacquer chemicals can permeate the lungs, they can penetrate the digestive system when lacquer is ingested. However nitro was not easy to produce nor work with. 61 0 obj <>stream 28 34 The reply was it is food safe as long as it has been allowed to fully cure, the curing time varies between different makes of lacquer, but it will say on the can somewhere the time it takes to fully cure. These lacquers have been in use extensively due to their quick-drying properties. The ingestion of lacquer can affect other parts of the body, such as the bladder, kidneys and nervous system. 0000004524 00000 n 0000001516 00000 n 0000004296 00000 n 0000000016 00000 n I certainly would not recommend spraying unless you are in a spray booth with proper protective equipment, but remember, women put lacquer on their fingernails every day. 0000003109 00000 n Very flammable and easily ignited. 0000004074 00000 n Cellulose paints, in fact, are used by some engineering companies as a brittle lacquer on rubber models where the strains are quite large. The systematic name of Nitrocellulose is Cellulose, nitrate. 0000007364 00000 n These include nitrocellulose lacquer, acrylic lacquer and catalyzed lacquer. 0000010345 00000 n Nitrocellulose Lacquer was first developed sometimes in the ’20s and it was the only way to treat guitars for decades to come. Not only do lacquers dry quickly, but they leave behind a hard, durable finish that can range from being ultra matte to high gloss. Wednesday, November 29, 2017 by Frances Bloomfield, http://www.naturalpedia.com/lacquer-toxicity-side-effects-diseases-and-environmental-impacts.html. 45. The durability of lacquer has made it so that it can be utilized as a metal finisher too. The fuse is removed from the machine and a further coat or two is applied as necessary to ensure an even and unbroken coverage. 0000003603 00000 n Breathing difficulty (from inhalation) Throat swelling (may also cause breathing difficulty) BLADDER AND KIDNEYS. Nitrocellulose Lacquer. In addition, the chemicals in the lacquer are hazardous to health and the environment, and – since it’s highly flammable – it’s dangerous to store nitrocellulose lacquer in large quantities. Water-based Lacquer. This gives the first coat and binds the fuse together. I would think that lacquer is probably as safe if not safer than some of the other materials used in finishing guitars (polyurethane, UV Cure). Healthfully.com Mohawk Finishing Products M102-0451 Finisher's Choice Clear Nitrocellulose Lacquer - Flat. Lacquer can contain urethane, cyanide compounds and other chemicals that are dangerous when inhaled in great amounts. ?��{�sm�Q[�������ƺC%b���f�d}�H@����{k"ʫ�7� .Y8O�Fg"i��A�#��P•�q�ͮeLw~���DVB���!�q4�vF Both have been specifically designed with the correct amount of lacquer in each can to achieve up to 3 coats on a guitar body with our aerosols and 4oz containers with more coats coming from the 8oz containers. Your use of this website indicates your agreement to these terms and those published here. Nitrocellulose is incompatible with acetic peroxide, bromazide, chlorine, strong oxidizing agents, acids or alkaline products. The most known type in the market is Nitrocellulose. Will burn vigorously if the quantity is small or the material is thinly spread over a large area. What's bad about nitrocellulose lacquers is that they are very toxic, and have in fact been outlawed for use as an automotive finish throughout most, if not all, of the United States even by auto refinishers for that reason. Water-based lacquer is globally preferred because it’s less toxic compared to other types of lacquer. One report discussed the water quality of the wastewater discharge … DoItYourself.com However, nitrocellulose lacquer dries slowly compared to modern finishes and it’s far more time consuming and labour intensive to achieve high-quality results with it. Moreover, lacquer is sometimes baked onto the interior of cans for food and beverages. Runoff from fire control may cause pollution. AIRWAYS AND LUNGS. (ERG, 2016) Reactivity Profile. Acrylic Lacquer. Polyurethane (‘Poly’) This is a plastic, urethane-based finish which was designed in Germany and introduced to the industry in the 1950s. 0000018037 00000 n 0000003831 00000 n It was used on anything from cars to guitars back then mainly because it worked well with paint, and it dried faster than anything they had available. Lacquer grade of soluble nitrocellulose is closely related to the more highly nitrated form which is used to make explosives. Hazard Rating Key: 0=minimal; 1=slight; 2=moderate; 3=serious; 4=severe. Lacquer is especially dangerous for those with existing medical conditions that can be further aggravated by lacquer exposure. MedlinePlus.com Although it is toxic, the thinners in it are probably less harmful than Toluene, which is a common reducer for Synthetic Enamels. 0000001435 00000 n Lots of wood furniture has a gloss film finish using nitrocellulose lacquer. $13.45 $ 13. To get nitrocellulose, you have to take resin and combine it with sulfuric and nitric acids.This process is called nitr… FineWoodworking.com 0000001299 00000 n Breathing difficulty (from inhalation) Throat swelling (may also cause breathing difficulty) BLADDER AND KIDNEYS. There are three types of lacquer that have different usages; water-based lacquer, Acrylic lacquer, and Nitrocellulose lacquer. It was also used to replace gunpowder as a low-order explosive in mining and other applications. They become relatively non-toxic after approximately a month since, at this point, the lacquer has evaporated most of the solvents used in its production. Volatile organic compounds (VOCs), are common ingredients in many lacquers. Furthermore, lacquer can exacerbate pre-existing conditions of these organs. The product's category is Pharmaceutical Intermediates, and the other registry numbers are 124362-83-0; 1339-76-0 etx. 0000004601 00000 n fExposure can cause headache, dizziness, difficulty breathing and loss of consciousness. startxref harvested from the resin of the Chinese lacquer tree, nitrocellulose lacquer, acrylic lacquer and catalyzed lacquer, coughing, sore throat, breathing difficulties, vision problems and dizziness, lacquer is sometimes baked onto the interior of cans for food and beverages, Exhaust ventilation and air conditioning should be installed in the work area, 13 Ways to Uncover Cancer Causing Toxins In Your Home, Eco Friendly Materials : How to Go Green with Bamboo Fiber, Indoor Air Pollution is a Serious Threat to Your Health, Glucophage – uses, health risks, and side effects at NaturalPedia.com, Norvasc – uses, health risks, and side effects at NaturalPedia.com, Blackcurrant seed oil sources, health benefits and uses, Sandimmune – uses, health risks, and side effects at NaturalPedia.com. Lacquer can cause a variety of health complications if direct contact, ingestion or inhalation occur. Lacquer exposure typically occurs while this substance is being applied onto wooden or metal products. Lacquer grade of soluble nitrocellulose is closely related to the more highly nitrated form which is used to make explosives. fNitrocellulosecan affect you when inhaled. 0000006486 00000 n As an interesting experiment, try spraying a comb with several thin coats of hair-spray lacquer, giving each layer an opportunity to dry before application of the next coat. 0000017651 00000 n 0000017841 00000 n However, lacquer has been known to cause a wide range of health problems, making this a potentially hazardous and deadly substance. Is nitrocellulose lacquer toxic? 0000001696 00000 n ... Nitrocellulose Lacquer. fContact can irritate the skin and eyes. Unlike shellac however, lacquer – that is, true or Asian lacquer – is actually harvested from the resin of the Chinese lacquer tree (Toxicodendron vernicifluum), a tree species endemic to China and the Indian subcontinent. Most health hazards stemming from VOCs are the result of inhaling the lacquer fumes. Lacquer is known to negatively impact various organs and organ systems, primarily: Lacquer is mostly used to provide wooden surfaces with a glossy or matte finish, so it can be found on wooden furniture and floors. Lacquer is a solvent-based protective coating created by mixing nitrocellulose or resin in volatile solvents. ��| WJ�D��o;.�X�9$�E.���vZ��e˸v���V.� ����`�4��W �3�6�?�sk�J�m瑂��ZS��8���̠�xL��[G@������>RL�����?�x-8�x Solvent-based nitrocellulose lacquer has been the dominant finish used by U.S. musical instrument factories for steel string guitars, archtop guitars, banjos and mandolins since the 1920’s. An example is the hobby product Deft. Vapors may cause dizziness or suffocation. These include pre-existing lung, blood, heart and liver disorders. 0000017207 00000 n <<280C8B7048D159409D67AB8CC2B0B950>]>> In the event that these organs and organ systems become affected by lacquer, then a person can experience a range of symptoms that include brain damage, kidney failure and bloody urine. Conditions to be avoided: Do not expose the product to sunlight, heat or ignition sources, as well as to incompatible products listed above. It is not intended as a substitute for professional advice of any kind. Lacquer – toxicity, side effects, diseases and environmental impacts. TheSpruce.com These chemicals are said to be capable of entering the lungs during inhalation and accumulating on fibrous walls, causing swelling and irritation. Nitrocellulose lacquer is a material which has many uses both inside and outside the home. Nitrocellulose wood lacquer consist of many organic solvents which are associated with some health problems especially respiratory impairments in workers occupationally exposed to them. This site is part of the Natural News Network © 2012 All Rights Reserved. … Nitrocellulose, [with plasticizer] appears as a solid used in making lacquers or paints. Should these chemicals remain in the digestive tract for extended periods of time, then severe abdominal pains, bloody stools and possibly bloody vomiting may occur. However, this variety of lacquer also tends to become yellow over time. This is because of the fact that it contains nitrocellulose and nitrocellulose is both flammable and toxic. Nitrocellulose is a highly flammable compound formed by nitrating cellulose through exposure to nitric acid, or to a mixture of nitric acid and another acid, usually either hydrochloric acid or sulfuric acid, or to another powerful nitrating agent. 0000003568 00000 n They become relatively non-toxic after approximately a month since, at this point, the lacquer has evaporated most of the solvents used in its production. All trademarks, registered trademarks and servicemarks mentioned on this site are the property of their respective owners. In liquid form this finish stinks, and is really toxic. These fumes can cause difficulty breathing, kidney failure, nervous system damage and loss of vision. 0000005460 00000 n Ƈ{��M,=� They become relatively non-toxic after approximately a month since at this point, the lacquer has evaporated most of the solvents used in its production. Nitrocellulose lacquers produce a hard yet flexible, durable finish that can be polished to a high sheen. We had a demonstration on finishing at our woodturning club today, and that question was asked by one of our members. 0000014680 00000 n 0000008825 00000 n The nitrocellulose lacquer is then poured into the tank and the fuse is drawn though it directly from the visco machine. Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases. Regardless of the type of lacquer, these finishes are typically regarded as one of the best all-around finishes for wood. 0000002520 00000 n Blood in urine; No urine production (kidney failure) EYES, … Just be aware that nitrocellulose is toxic to people and the environment, as solvents are released from the lacquer constantly. More Buying Choices $13.40 (5 new offers) ColorTone Liquid Pigment for Nitrocellulose Lacquer, Black. Lacquer poisoning can cause symptoms in many parts of the body. Produces toxic oxides of nitrogen during combustion. Partially nitrated cellulose has found uses as a plastic film and in inks and wood coatings, and was often used to lacquer coat electric guitars, including Fender and Gibson brands, although it fell out of favor for a number of reasons: pollution, and the way the lacquer yellows and cracks over time. In aqueous environments, release of nitrocellulose seems to have influenced the physical and chemical properties of the habitats. ILO.org.