How does a black bear finds food? [3] American and Asian black bears are considered sister taxa and are more closely related to each other than to the other modern species of bears. Nineteen states require a bear hunting license, with some also requiring a big game license. Factors effecting this include temperature, flooding, and hunger. The average weight of an adult male black bear is 150 to 350 pounds (68 to 158 kg). Seasonally, tens of thousands of American black bears are hunted legally across North America, with many more being illegally poached or trapped. Northeastern Mexico and U.S. borderlands with Texas. [24] In the state of California, there are an estimated 25,000-35,000 American black bears, making it the largest population of the species in the contiguous United States. Critically endangered. Favored masts such as hazelnuts, oak acorns and whitebark pine nuts may be consumed by the hundreds each day by a single American black bear during the fall. Females are smaller, weighing 100-400 pounds, and measuring 4-5 feet in length. Adult male Has a light brown nose and shiny black fur. [50] In New York, the two sexes reportedly average 135 kg (298 lb) and 74 kg (163 lb), respectively. ", "World's oldest-known wild black bear dies at 39", "The Return of the Great American Jaguar", "Man Says Bear Saved Him from Mountain Lion Attack in Butte County", "Yellowstone National Park – Denning and Hibernation Behavior", "The bear circadian clock doesn't 'sleep' during winter dormancy", "Hibernating Bears Conserve Muscle Strength and Maintain Fatigue Resistance", "Six months of disuse during hibernation does not increase intracortical porosity or decrease cortical bone geometry, strength, or mineralization in black bear (, "Daily Updates foot pads and fecal plugs", "Hibernation of the Black and Brown Bear", "Why do Bears Like Honey [The #1 Reason They Do]", "Spirit bears become 'invisible' by Jody Bourton, Earth News reporter", "Factor affecting calf elk survival in north central Idaho", "Evidence of grizzly bear predation on a black bear in Hayden Valley", "Probable Grizzly Bear Predation on an American Black Bear in Yellowstone National Park", "Assessment and Update Status Report on the Grizzly Bear (Ursus arctos)", "Nowhere to hide: Pumas, black bears, and competition refuges", "In Yellowstone, It's a Carnivore Competition", "Key West Florida Attractions | Alligator Exhibit", https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/return-great-american-jaguar-180960443/?no-ist, "Zoogoer Nov/Dec 2002 Sidebar: Smokey Comes to Washington by Alex Hawes", "Black Bears—Simple Fools or Cunning Killers", "Black Bear Kills Texas Woman, Canadian Man", "Frequently Asked Questions Regarding Bears", "Black Bears Found Guarding POT Farm In Canada", "Black bear hunt gets final approval from Department of Environmental Protection head", "Bear Necessity? Black bears are normally found only in forested areas, but within such habitat they are highly adaptable. American black bears are omnivores, with their diets varying greatly depending on season and location. Roosevelt described how, in the southern states, planters regularly hunted American black bears on horseback with hounds. [8], The American black bear lived during the same period as the giant and lesser short-faced bears (Arctodus simus and A. pristinus, respectively) and the Florida spectacled bear (Tremarctos floridanus). But even a 600-pound bear isn't too uncommon. Hibernation in American black bears typically lasts 3–8 months, depending on regional climate. [87] A special hormone, leptin, is released into the bear's systems to suppress appetite. In Labrador, American black bears are exceptionally carnivorous, living largely off caribou, usually young, injured, old, sickly or dead specimens, and rodents such as voles. [39] However, in the Liard River Hot Springs case, the bear was apparently almost fully dependent on a local garbage dump that had closed and so was starving to death. For American black bears living in the American Southwest and Mexico, habitat usually consists of stands of chaparral and pinyon juniper woods. [5][page needed], With the exception of the rare confrontation with an adult brown bear or a gray wolf pack, adult American black bears are not usually subject to natural predation. 1-year 21.76 lbs. Adult males typically weigh between 57–250 kg (126–551 lb), while females weigh 33% less at 41–170 kg (90–375 lb). [136] Men, older voters and those living in rural areas were more likely to approve of a bear hunting season in New Jersey than women, younger voters and those living in more developed parts of the state. American black bears are reproductively compatible with several other bear species and occasionally produce hybrid offspring. 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